2 Types of Emergency Evacuations: Urgent & Planned
Before you begin packing that emergency kit, you need to first consider why you might need to evacuate. If you have specific scenarios in mind, and then one of them suddenly becomes a reality, there’s a good chance that your brain won’t lapse into normalcy bias, causing you to waste precious minutes or hours.
Reasons to evacuate generally fall into 2 camps: urgent evacuations and planned evacuations. You should be ready for these 2 types of emergency evacuations but the type of planning and preparation you do will be a little different for each.
Planning for the urgent evacuation
An urgent evacuation is one in which you have zero time to think; you can only react. If you’ve considered this scenario, have planned for it, and have a routine that you’ve rehearsed, your brain will most likely revert to those memories and your actions will become automatic.
The smell of smoke and realization that your home is on fire is not the time to inform the kids how to get out of the house, run around scooping up family heirlooms, cash, and vital documents, and then yell at everyone to meet you in the front yard! Fire spreads too quickly to allow for any of that.
When I was taking a CERT class a couple of years ago, the Fire Marshall told us that if we see a fire and know we can’t put it out in 5 seconds or less, it’s time to get out. That, my friend, requires an urgent evacuation!
Planning for this particular urgent evacuation, a house fire, is simple because you won’t have time to do much of anything! Take time now to stash valuables in a fireproof safe, train the kids and other family members to get out of the house ASAP, and have a pre-planned meeting place. Make sure that each room has an exit point that can be accessed by everyone, even if that means keeping a step stool or a sturdy chair in the room. My daughter’s bedroom has one window whose bottom ledge is a good 4 1/2 feet from the floor. In her case, she’ll need to stand on something to get out.
What other urgent evacuations might you need to plan for? Tornado warning? Natural gas leak? Wildfires or a chemical spill? All of these events will require you to get out of the house as quickly as you can. A few others are:
- Explosion nearby
- Nuclear event
- Terrorist attack
Here are a few tips to help you plan and prepare for urgent evacuations:
1. Have a packed supply bag for your pets, complete with food, bedding, and food/water bowls. If your pet will be transported in a crate, place all supplies in the crate. Everything will be in one place when you need it.
2. Create a “Last Minute Bag” with things like prescription medications, cash, small valuables. You’ll find a checklist for this in Printables.
3. Store emergency kits in an easy to access location, such as by the backdoor. They can also be stored in the trunk of your car, along with a case or water.
4. Be in the habit of having your vehicle ready with at least half tank of gas and emergency supplies.
5. Have some sort of signal for the family members, so they know it’s “Get serious!’ time. Kids, in particular, have a way of tuning out their parents, so establish a code that sends the message of, “Urgent! This is not a drill!”
6. Practice this evacuation drill and keep track of how much time it takes to get everyone out of the house. Emphasize that getting people out is far more important than any belonging, or even a pet.
7. Have written lists of what must be grabbed. Prioritize so that no one is searching for something that isn’t strictly necessary.
8. Talk with the kids about their pets, since there’s a real possibility they may have to be left behind. No one hates that thought more than me, but that’s the reality. Many kids, when asked, will automatically say, “I’ll get my dog…or the bunny…or my turtle.” Make plans so the animals can be quickly evacuated, but if the situation is too dire, make sure your kids know their job is to get out first.
With urgent evacuations, the longer you wait, the more likely you are to endanger yourself and your loved ones. It also increase the chance that you’ll run into major traffic issues as panicked people also try to get away from harm.
The planned evacuation
Not every emergency is one that requires great haste. In many cases, you have several hours or day in which to make your plans and put final pieces in place. A planned evacuation requires a different mindset — one that emphasizes checking and double-checking and keeping a constant eye on developing news.
The planned evacuation is one of prepare and wait-and-see.
For example, a hurricane is a scary natural disaster that can bring with it an enormous amount of damage, but thanks to modern meteorology, we can track these storms. We know, with a fair degree or accuracy, when and where they will make landfall.
These scenarios allow us to time think, review our plans, and get to safety, beating the crowds as well as the expected disaster. Examples of these are:
- Earthquake — If your home isn’t too damaged, you may want to plan to evacuate, just in case.
- Epidemic or pandemic
- Rising floodwaters
- “Storm of the Century” — Blizzard or otherwise, you may want to get out to avoid the worst.
- Volcanic eruption — Usually these give some warning before erupting.
- Wildfires in the area
Along with the tips for urgent evacuations, here are a few to help you plan for a more leisurely escape:
1. Make a date on your calendar to review and refresh all emergency kits every 6 months.
2. Have at least 2 different ways to get information, in case of a power outage or if telephone/cell phone lines aren’t working. A shortwave radio and ham radio are both good choices.
3. If you have a smartphone, install phone apps that provide alerts for inclement weather, tornadoes, earthquakes, and hurricanes. Red Cross makes several, and they are all excellent.
4. If you have larger animals, contact at least 2 locations that could provide temporary shelter as part of your emergency evacuation plans.
5. Give careful consideration how your home can best be protected while you’re gone. You have time to board up windows, drain pipes, etc.
6. Get phone numbers from neighbors, so you can keep in touch and update each other with news. This will be especially important if you do evacuate and want to know how your home and neighborhood are faring.
7. During the school year, contact your child’s teacher and ask for a list of their assignments for the coming week or two.
8. Make sure your vehicle is filled with gas and is ready to go. Pack it with any supplies or gear that you won’t be needing, just in case you decide to leave.
Prep for one, prep for both
The good news about both these types of emergency evacuation plans is that preparation for one is preparation for both. The major difference between the two, other than the actual event, is your mindset. You must be the one to make the call to get out now or wait to see how things unfold. Ultimately, it will be your call. It’s better to err on the side of a quick evacuation if there’s a chance the event could escalate. By then, you might be trapped and unable to get out.
Know which events are most likely in your area and begin planning and preparing.